Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

Self-Help Tools Logo worksheets for PTSD materials are designed to be usable by clients with minimal or no intervention from a therapist. Additional information is available on the website.

Treatment guidelines

Assessment / Evaluation

The US Department of Veterans Affairs maintain an up-to-date list of assessment tools and measures for PTSD. My preferred self-report measure is the recently-updated PCL-5, and the CAPS-5 remains the gold standard interview measure for PTSD.


Treatments for PTSD include:

 Some helpful intervention materials for PTSD


Grounding techniques

PTSD is characterised by flashbacks and dissociation. Grounding techniques are essential to help people remain focused and in the present. They can be used to prevent arousal from getting too high during trauma reprocessing.

Lectures / Workshops

Working with refugees

Key papers

These papers are recommended reading if you intend to work with PTSD. Ehlers & Clark (2000) present a comprehensive cognitive model, Grey et al (2002) present a framework for working with the meaning of the worst moments, and Brewin et al (1996) present a model for understanding what is happening to memory in PTSD.

Complex PTSD papers

Complex PTSD (cPTSD) is a somewhat disputed diagnostic category. Some argue that it is simply a severe form of PTSD, whereas others believe that it represents a distinct cluster.

Other papers