Repetitive Thought (including Rumination & Worry)
Human beings experience a wide variety of repetitive thoughts about themselves and their lives, not all of them negative. Reminiscing, savoring, anticipating, and problem-solving are positive examples of repetitive thoughts, and go some way ot explaining why we have the propensity to engage in repetitive thoughts.
Some types of repetitive thought are unhelpful though, even harmful. Rumination and worry are two key forms of unhelpful repetitive thought and use of these can predict anxiety and depression. They are maintainance factors in conditions such as generalized anxiety disorder and depression.
- Ruminating assessment measure Download from goodmedicine.org.uk
- Ruminating thought worksheet Download from centerstoneresearch.org
- Rumination - from trap to trac Download from goodmedicine.org.uk
- 11 steps to stop ruminating Download from jayuhdinger.com
- The how and why of rumination and worry - presentation by Professor Ed Watkins Download from southampton.ac.uk
- Watkins, E. R. (2008). Constructive and unconstructive repetitive thought. Psychological Bulletin, 134(2), 163-206 Download from nih.gov
- Watkins, E. R. (2009). Depressive Rumination and Co-Morbidity: Evidence for Brooding as a Transdiagnostic Process. Journal of Rational-Emotive Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, 27, 160-175 Download from nih.gov